A climate driven decision-support model for the distribution of perishable products, 2017

A climate driven decision-support model for the distribution of perishable products, 2017

see the paper (free-access) till sept.2017

 

Highlights

• This paper addresses an open field of research in the supply chain of perishable products.
• This paper provides a MILP model for the planning of processing and distribution operations in cold chains.
• This paper incorporates the interactions of distribution constraints and climate conditions.
• This paper illustrates a case study to demonstrate the influence of climate on the cold chain costs.
• This paper leads to the reduction of the energy consumption for cold chain operations.

Abstract

The cold chains prevent perishable products from decay, but are highly energy-intensive. As much as 15% of total worldwide energy already fuels cold chains infrastructures and since 40% of food deliveries would need refrigeration, the growth of global food demand and of the widening of the global supply chains will enormously increase the energy request and the associated carbon emissions. The environmental temperature has indeed a clear effect on the performance of the cold chain, and the interaction between climate and the distribution of perishable products cannot be ignored. In this paper a mixed-integer linear programming model for the planning of the production, storage and distribution operations of perishable products which incorporates the interactions with the weather conditions is formulated. This addresses an open field of research, which is still uncovered. The proposed model has been applied to an illustrative case study of a cold chain for cherries, that demonstrates the influence of the weather conditions on the energy costs for the products refrigeration on vehicles during transportation and at the warehouse during storage. Successful control of the distribution operations according to the weather conditions can result in significant reduction of energy consumption and costs, which increase indeed with the raise of environmental temperatures and stresses. Based on the results obtained in this study, these costs are not handled by the extant operations planning models, and their minimization can lead to significant economic and environmental savings for the cold chain.

Keywords

  • Cold chain;
  • Perishable;
  • Transport;
  • Optimization;
  • Climate;
  • Energy
On Reconciling Sustainable Plants and Networks Design for By-Products Management in the Meat Industry, 2017

On Reconciling Sustainable Plants and Networks Design for By-Products Management in the Meat Industry, 2017

The following study on Meat Supply Chain has been recently presented during the last conference on Sustainable Design and Manufacturing by Riccardo Accorsi.

Accorsi R., Manzini R., Baruffaldi G., Bortolini M. (2017) On Reconciling Sustainable Plants and Networks Design for By-Products Management in the Meat Industry. In: Campana G., Howlett R., Setchi R., Cimatti B. (eds) Sustainable Design and Manufacturing 2017. SDM 2017. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 68. Springer, Cham
link to the conference web page

Abstract

Population growth and rising per capita consumption of meat is growing and is ex

pected to further accelerate in future. The production of beef is undoubtedly an high environmental stressor due to land-use change, water and energy consumption and by-products production. This paper focuses on the distribution and transportation processes of the beef slaughtering’s by-products throughout their proper valorization chains. A methodology, inspired to the LCA, and encompassing data collection, simulation, and multi-scenario analysis is proposed and illustrated. This is applied to a real-world case study from the meat industry to showcase the importance of reconciling plant and network design to address both economic and environmental sustainability.

Keywords

By-products Waste Reverse logistics Closed-loop Meat industry 

Accelerated life testing for packaging decisions in the edible oils distribution, 2017

Accelerated life testing for packaging decisions in the edible oils distribution, 2017

free download till June 17, 2017 (use this link)

more info at the following link

Highlights

• In long-ray shipments thermal stress can compromise the performance of packaging.
• Reliability of a packaging is the ability to respond to stresses throughout the logistic process.
• Three applications of ALT analysis to food packaging for edible oils are illustrated.
• Well-known approach of ALTA in the novel application of food packaging prototyping and design.
• The proposed approach is effective to aid decision-making in the design of robust packaging.

Abstract

Food packaging is subjected to environmental stresses during its life cycle. Thermal stresses, which are highly recurrent in long-ray shipments, influence and compromise the expected performance of the package, as well as the quality of the product. This paper illustrates three significant applications of accelerated life testing analysis (ALTA) to food packaging for edible oils, demonstrating the effectiveness of such an approach to aid decision-making in the design of robust packaging solutions. The first and second case studies adopt constant-stress loading and Arrhenius prediction modeling, while the third adopts cyclical stresses and cumulated-damage prediction modeling rarely discussed in the literature. The conducted predictive and comparative analyses demonstrate the effectiveness of ALTA in the novel application of food packaging prototyping and provide guidelines for packaging improvements in response to the experienced transport conditions.

Call for papers on “Food Supply Chain & Food Industry”, Special Issue on SUSTAINABILITY – int.Journal ISI-SCOPUS

Call for papers on “Food Supply Chain & Food Industry”, Special Issue on SUSTAINABILITY – int.Journal ISI-SCOPUS

Sustainability in Food Supply Chain and Food Industry Sustainability in Food Supply Chain and Food Industry (link to the flyer), sustainability Journal (Impact Factor, 1.343 – 2015)

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2017

This is a call for papers for contributions on food supply chain and food industry in a very important international journal:

Sustainability in Food Supply Chain and Food Industry

Special Issue web-site

SIMULATING INTERNATIONAL SHIPMENTS OF VEGETABLE OILS, 2017

SIMULATING INTERNATIONAL SHIPMENTS OF VEGETABLE OILS, 2017

Z. Ayyad, E. Valli, A. Bendini, R. Accorsi, R. Manzini, M. Bortolini, M. Gamberi, T. Gallina Toschi

Abstract

This investigation evaluated the quality changes of commercial vegetable oils after different simulated shipments. In particular, the oils were placed in containers with or without thermal insulation and subjected to two simulated shipments, from Italy to Los

Angeles and to Quebec. The temperature profiles were monitored to simulate the real shipments conditions in laboratory through properly developed climate chambers.
Different quality parameters were evaluated before and after the simulations, showing a high degree of oxidation for samples shipped to Los Angeles in standard containers. In this study, the thermal insulation container was effective in protecting samples from potential oxidative damage during simulated shipping.

Keywords

edible vegetable oils; food quality; oxidation; simulated shipment; thermal insulation.
2016, Food Supply Chain, Dairy products

2016, Food Supply Chain, Dairy products

A Closed-Loop Traceability System to Improve Logistics Decisions in Food Supply Chains: A Case Study on Dairy Products

R. Accorsi, E. Ferrari, M. Gamberi, R. Manzini and A. Regattieri

in

Advances in Food Traceability Techniques and Technologies

1st Edition

Improving Quality Throughout the Food Chain

Editors: Montserrat Espiñeira Francisco Santaclara

Hardcover ISBN: 9780081003107
eBook ISBN: 9780081003213
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 21st June 2016
Page Count: 402

Description

Advances in Food Traceability Techniques and Technologies: Improving Quality Throughout the Food Chain covers in detail a topic of great importance to both the food industry which is obliged to provide clear and accurate labeling of their products and the government and other organizations which are tasked with verification of claims of food quality and safety.

The traceability of food products is becoming ever more important as globalization continues to increase the complexity of food chains. Coverage in the book includes the wide range of technologies and techniques which have been utilized in the tracing of food products. In addition, the ways in which the misuse of food traceability will affect the quality of food is also covered throughout.

2016, The land-network problem: ecosystem carbon balance in planning sustainable agro-food supply chains

2016, The land-network problem: ecosystem carbon balance in planning sustainable agro-food supply chains

The land-network problem: ecosystem carbon balance in planning sustainable agro-food supply chains

 

Cleaner production
R Accorsi, S Cholette, R Manzini, C Pini, S Penazzi
Journal of Cleaner Production 112, 158-171

Highlights

• An inclusive definition of the agro-food ecosystem is given with respect to the goal of achieving climate stability.
• An original framework to design sustainable agro-food ecosystems from farm-to-fork is illustrated.
• A planning problem, named land-network (LN) problem, is illustrated and solved via linear programming.
• Quantifying both economic and environmental metrics, the framework leads the planning of sustainable food supply chains.
• The framework supports agro-food firms in complying with environmental policy tools as carbon taxes and carbon trading.

Abstract

Global food demand will double by 2050 and strain agro-food supply chains. The increasing relevance of non-agrarian activities within the food supply chain mandates a systemic perspective for addressing sustainability. We consider the food supply chain as an ecosystem and define more inclusive boundaries. We present a design framework that supports strategic decision-making on agriculture and food distribution issues while addressing climate stability. We describe the methodology used to construct the framework, which entails a multi-disciplinary approach. An original land-network problem merges localized and large-scaled decisions as land-use allocation and location-allocation problems in an agro-food network. A linear programming model optimizes infrastructure, agriculture, and logistics costs and also balances carbon emissions within the agro-food ecosystem. A regional potato supply chain illustrates the effectiveness of the proposed model. Findings show the interdependency between infrastructure, production, distribution, and environmental resources. Results highlight the consequences of unbalanced planning focused solely on cost efficiency. In conclusion we identify enabling conditions, drivers and metrics for the design of cost effective and carbon balanced agro-food ecosystems.

Keywords

  • Food supply chain;
  • Sustainability;
  • Land-use;
  • Carbon footprint;
  • Linear programming;
  • Climate change
Maintenance for production systems

Maintenance for production systems

Maintenance for Industrial Systems

Authors: Manzini, R., Regattieri, A., Pham, H., Ferrari, E.

New, global and extended markets are forcing companies to process and manage increasingly different products with shorter life cycles, low volumes and reduced customer delivery times. In today’s global marketplace production systems need to deliver products on time, maintain market credibility, and introduce new products and services faster than competitors. As a result, a new production system paradigm has been developed and a supporting management decision-making approach, which simultaneously incorporates design, management, and control of the production system, is necessary in order for this challenge to be met effectively and efficiency.

Maintenance for Industrial Systems addresses this need by introducing an original and integrated idea of maintenance: maintenance for productivity. The volume starts with the introduction and discussion of a new conceptual framework based on productivity, quality, and safety supported by maintenance. Subsequent chapters illustrate the most relevant models and methods for planning, organising, implementing and controlling the whole maintenance process. Several examples of problems supported by solutions, and real applications to help and test the reader’s comprehension are included.

Maintenance for Industrial Systems is a valuable source of information for engineering students, doctoral and post-doctoral students, and also for maintenance practitioners and managers of industrial or service companies.

Springer Series in Reliability Engineering publishes high-quality books in important areas of current theoretical research and development in reliability, and in areas that bridge the gap between theory and application in areas of interest to practitioners in industry, laboratories, business, and government.

Springer Book on Warehousing

Springer Book on Warehousing

Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain

Advanced Models, Tools and Applications for Storage Systems

Editors: Manzini, Riccardo (Ed.)

With increased globalization and offshore sourcing, global supply chain management is becoming an important issue for many businesses as it involves a company’s worldwide interests and suppliers rather than simply a local or national orientation. The storage systems significantly affect the level of quality of products, the customer’s service level, and the global logistic cost. The mission of warehousing systems design, control and optimization is to effectively ship products in the right place, at the right time, and in the right quantity (i.e. in any configuration) without any damages or alterations, and minimizing costs.

Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain presents and discusses a set of models, tools and real applications, including a few case studies rarely presented with a sufficient detail by other literature, to illustrate the main challenges in warehousing activities. This includes all warehouse operations (from receiving to shipping), problems and issues (e.g. storage allocation, assignment, layout, vehicle routing) for industrial and service systems as parts of global supply chains.

Advanced and effective solving methods are also illustrated and the discussed case studies help the reader to quickly apply the proposed models and techniques/algorithms. Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain is useful to managers and practitioners of industry and service sectors for the determination and modeling of the critical issues concerning warehousing systems planning and design. It is a valuable source of information for engineering students, doctoral and post-doctoral students, and researchers of academic institutions who are searching for advanced modeling approaches and solving techniques to complex logistic decision making problems.

Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain presents and discusses a set of models, tools and real applications, including a few case studies rarely presented with a sufficient detail by other literature, to illustrate the main challenges in warehousing activities. This includes all warehouse operations (from receiving to shipping), problems and issues (e.g. storage allocation, assignment, layout, vehicle routing) for industrial and service systems as parts of global supply chains.

Advanced and effective solving methods are also illustrated and the discussed case studies help the reader to quickly apply the proposed models and techniques/algorithms. Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain is useful to managers and practitioners of industry and service sectors for the determination and modeling of the critical issues concerning warehousing systems planning and design. It is a valuable source of information for engineering students, doctoral and post-doctoral students, and researchers of academic institutions who are searching for advanced modeling approaches and solving techniques to complex logistic decision making problems.

Life Cycle Picking, 2016

Life Cycle Picking, 2016

IJPE cover

Riccardo Manzini, Riccardo Accorsi, Mauro Gamberi, Stefano Penazzi, 2015, Modeling class-based storage assignment over life cycle picking patterns. International Journal of Production Economics. Volume 170, Part C, December 2015, Pages 790-800. doi:10.1016/j.ijpe.2015.06.026

 

Highlights

• A new approach for the design and management of a class-based storage system.
• Life-cycle picking: the life-cycle pattern applied to warehousing systems.
• Original MILP models for the class-based and time-based storage assignment.
• Numerical examples exemplifying the effectiveness of the proposed approach and models.

Abstract

This paper aims to introduce a new approach for the design and management of warehousing systems, which involves variable demand patterns in agreement with the life cycle of stock keeping units (SKUs). Two cost-based mixed integer linear programming (MILP) models are formulated to address both the technology selection, e.g. part-to-picker systems (as automated storage and retrieval systems – AS/RS, miniloads, etc.) and picker-to-part order picking systems, and the SKU assignment to the storage areas. In particular, a class based storage assignment over a life cycle picking metric is adopted. This metric is a rolling measure of popularity.

The proposed approach, the adopted measure of popularity and the developed models can support (1) decision making for the selection of warehousing and material handling (W&MH) systems, (2) the determination of the storage capacity for the storage classes, (3) the assignment of SKU to the storage classes and (4) the dynamic, i.e., time-based, management of re-warehousing handlings. Two significant numerical examples illustrate the application and the potential of the proposed approach and models.

Keywords

  • Life cycle picking;
  • Product life cycle;
  • Order picking system (OPS);
  • Class-based storage;
  • Storage assignment;
  • Storage allocation;
  • Warehouse;
  • Re-warehousing
2016, A special Issue on Warehousing

2016, A special Issue on Warehousing

cover IJPE PNG

Riccardo Manzini, Yavuz Bozer , Sunderesh Heragu , 2015, Decision models for the design, optimization and management of warehousing and material handling systems. International Journal of Production Economics. Volume 170, Part C, December 2015, Pages 711-716

Introduction

For many companies, warehousing and materials handling (MH) are essentially non-value added activities. Storing a product on a shelf or moving it in and out of storage racks does not add value to the product. However, both are important elements in a supply chain and play a critical role in enabling efficiency and in providing customer satisfaction (Bartholdi and Hackman, 2012 and Tompkins et al., 2003). Warehousing and material handling allow matching vendor supply with customer demand, smoothing demand for seasonal products, consolidating products, customizing product or packaging and arranging distribution activities. Furthermore, for certain service providers such as logistics/transportation companies and third-party logistics providers, part of the warehousing and MH activities including personalizing a package or repairing a product are value-add activities because their customers are willing to pay for those key services (Accorsi et al., 2014).

Warehousing and MH involve solving a large number of important design and operational problems in production/distribution systems and economics research. Both are critical topics of interest for industry, managers, practitioners, public and private research, including academic research, as they affect costs, efficiency, profit, environmental impact, risks, maintenance, safety and ergonomics.

CPR immagine  Immagine1

Environmental and economic assessment of fresh fruit supply chain through value chain analysis, 2015

Environmental and economic assessment of fresh fruit supply chain through value chain analysis, 2015

PPC cover

MATTEO M. SAVINO, RICCARDO MANZINI, ANTONIO MAZZA, 2015, Environmental and economic assessment of fresh fruit supply chain through value chain analysis. A case study in chestnuts industry. PRODUCTION PLANNING & CONTROL, vol 26(1), 1-18. ISSN: 0953-7287. doi: 10.1080/09537287.2013.839066

Abstract

In recent years, both researches and practitioners have devoted attention to environmental sustainability of supply chain (SC), while firms have modified their marketing strategies highlighting green practices in productive and logistic processes among the features of their products. These behaviours move firms to require to their suppliers the adoption of green measures and practices to reduce environmental impacts within the entire SC. This paper presents the results on an exploratory case-based research on the SC of fresh chestnuts aimed to integrate environmental concepts in the value chain approach, with a concurrent evaluation of sustainability improvements and their economic impact. Within the value chain configuration, environmental KPIs are defined for the specific case study and a logistic environmental model is developed. Within the model, an evaluation of carbon footprint for this SC is proposed, along with its possible improvements. Results include the analysis of different improvement scenarios and their comparison.

Keywords

green supply chain management, chestnut value chain, economic impact, environmental assessment

Life Cycle Assessment of Extra-Virgin Olive oil, 2015

Life Cycle Assessment of Extra-Virgin Olive oil, 2015

OPEN ACCESS TO THE PAPER

sustainability-logo

ACCORSI R., VERSARI L., MANZINI R., 2015, Glass vs. Plastic: Life Cycle Assessment of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Bottles across Global Supply Chains.  Sustainability 2015, 7(3), 2818-2840; WOS: 000351843400028. Scopus: 2-s2.0-84926325756. doi:10.3390/su7032818.

Olive Oil

Abstract

The environmental impacts of global food supply chains are growing with the need for their measurement and management. This paper explores the operations of a global supply chain for extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) according to a life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology. The LCA assessment methodology is applied to determine the environmental impact categories associated with the bottled EVOO life cycle, focusing on packaging decisions. The proposed analysis identifies the greatest environmental stressors of the EVOO supply chain, thereby supporting strategic and operative decisions toward more efficient and environmentally-friendly operations management and packaging choices. This paper quantifies the environmental categories of the impacts of global warming potential, ozone layer depletion, non-renewable energy use, acidification, eutrophication and photochemical smog, for the observed EVOO supply chain, given alternative packaging configurations, i.e., a glass bottle vs. a plastic bottle. The observed system includes the supply of EVOO, the EVOO processing and bottling, the supply of packaging, the distribution of final products to customers, the end-of-life (EOL) treatments regarding the management, recycling and the disposal of waste across a global supply chain. The findings from the LCA highlight the potential of PET bottles in reducing the environmental impact of EVOO supply chains and identifies hotspots of discussion for policy-makers, EVOO producers and consumers.
Keywords:

food supply chain; life cycle assessment; LCA; sustainability; extra-virgin olive oil; EVOO; recycle; packaging

Closed-loop network for product life cycle, 2015

Closed-loop network for product life cycle, 2015

 

Jtransp geography cover

Accorsi, Riccardo; Manzini, Riccardo; Pini, Chiara; Penazzi, Stefano, 2015. On the design of closed-loop networks for product life cycle management: Economic, environmental and geography considerations. DOI:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.09.005. pp.121-134. In JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY – ISSN:0966-6923 vol. 48.

Highlights

• A MILP model for the strategic design of a closed-loop supply chain

• Two objective functions considering costs and carbon emissions

• How the product assembling, disassembling, and recycling processes affect the transport flows

• Location decisions of intermodal infrastructures over a large-scale geography

• A case study on the transport geography of the furniture industry in Italy

Abstract

The management of the product life cycle needs industrial synergies along large-scale networks to collect, recycle, reuse, and recover the end-of-life products. This paper provides a tool to assess the enabling economic, environmental, and transport geography conditions to design sustainable closed-loop networks for the management of a generic product along its life-cycle. The proposed tool is built through a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model for the strategic design of a multi-echelon closed-loop network. The product life cycle is handled via a cascade through seven stages, including raw material suppliers, manufacturing plants, distribution centers, retailers, collection nodes for waste and by-products, recycling centers, and landfills.

The model minimizes a cost-based and a carbon-based function to determine the optimal geographic location of the nodes of the network and the allocation of transport flows. The model is applied to a case study inspired by the furniture industry over the Italian geography and a multi-scenario analysis is illustrated. The resulting considerations on the economic, environmental performances of the network couple with the transport geography to provide guidelines for designer, logistics planners and regional geographers toward a circular economy scenario.

Keywords

Closed-loop supply chain; Network design; Intermodality; Waste; Sustainability; Product life cycle

GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT

A comparison of shipping containers from technical, economic and environmental perspectives, 2014

A comparison of shipping containers from technical, economic and environmental perspectives, 2014

transportationresearch

RICCARDO ACCORSI, RICCARDO MANZINI, EMILIO FERRARI, 2014, A comparison of shipping containers from technical, economic and environmental perspectives. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART D, TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT, 26, 52-59

Highlights

• An integrated approach is used to evaluate alternative containers in maritime transportation.
• Four case studies of international shipments are conducted.
• Thermal liner container are the best solution to control the quality, costs and environmental effects.

Abstract

This paper compares standard, reefer, and thermal liner containers for the long-range transportation of temperature-sensitive products. The thermal liner container is an alternative solution for maritime, rail and truck transportation between the dry and reefer containers. This study introduces a multi-criteria methodology to assess and compare alternative container solutions that involves technical, economical, and environmental perspectives. The proposed methodology is applied to four significant instances of maritime shipments, which highlight the performances of alternative container solutions in reducing the transport temperature fluctuations. Economic aspects and transport environmental impacts are also analyzed.

Keywords

Transport

  • Maritime transportation;
  • Freight container;
  • Temperature sensitive products;
  • Food supply chain
A decision-support system for the design and management of warehousing systems, 2014

A decision-support system for the design and management of warehousing systems, 2014

Computers in Industry

RICCARDO ACCORSI, RICCARDO MANZINI, FAUSTO MARANESI, 2014, A decision-support system for the design and management of warehousing systems. COMPUTERS IN INDUSTRY. Vol.65, pp.175-186.  ISSN: 0166-3615

Highlights

• This paper presents an original decision-support system (DSS) for storage system design and operations control.
• Analytical methods, models and algorithms are implemented in a top-down methodology to lead problem-solving process.
• Storage layout, allocation and assignment issues are handled, and system performances assessed through a what-if analysis.
• User-friendly interfaces provide useful panels for real-world industry case studies.
• A solid DBMS architecture is developed to store real-world datasets and enables statistical assessment of results.

Abstract

The issue of material handling involves the design and operative control of warehousing systems (i.e., distribution centres), which allow matching vendors and demands, smoothing with seasonality, consolidating products and arranging distribution activities. Warehousing systems play a crucial role in providing efficiency and customer satisfaction. The warehouse design entails a wide set of decisions, which involve layout constraints and operative issues that seriously affect the performances and the overall logistics costs.

This study presents an original decision-support system (DSS) for the design, management, and control of warehousing systems. Specifically, the proposed DSS implements a top-down methodology that considers both strategic warehouse design and operative operations management. The DSS can simulate the logistics and material handling performances of a warehousing system. Heuristic methods and algorithms address several critical warehouse issues, such as the order picking process, which is responsible for 55% of the overall costs in a distribution centre. The benefits due to the adoption of the proposed decision-support system are summarised as a dashboard of key performance indicators (KPIs) of space and time efficiency that allow logistics providers, practitioners, and managers as well as academicians and educators to face real-world warehousing instances and to find useful guidelines for material handling.

Keywords5

  • Logistics;
  • Warehousing systems;
  • Industrial storage systems;
  • Decision-support system;
  • Order picking;
  • Material handling
Economic and environmental assessment of reusable plastic containers: a food catering supply chain case study, 2014

Economic and environmental assessment of reusable plastic containers: a food catering supply chain case study, 2014

Smart cover IJPE

RICCARDO ACCORSI, ALESSANDRO CASCINI, SUSAN CHOLETTE, RICCARDO MANZINI, CRISTINA MORA, 2014, Economic and environmental assessment of reusable plastic containers: a food catering supply chain case study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS. Vol.152, 88–101

Highlights

• Original framework for the integrated design of a food packaging system and distribution network.
• Illustration of the economical and environmental assessment of a food supply chain.
• Focus on packaging and distribution issues to address a sustainable food chain.
• Application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology for the analysis of alternative food packaging systems.
• Comparison of alternative food packaging solutions (i.e. single-use vs. multi-use) and related distribution/recovery chain.
• A significant case study in food catering chain supported by a comprehensive what-if analysis

Abstract

Increasing concern for sustainability compels citizens and enterprises to reduce waste and encourage recycling, reuse and remanufacturing of end-of-life products. Since packaging is one of the most relevant waste sources, attention to packaging design and management is warranted, especially in sectors where packaging is integral to handling and transportation, i.e. the fresh food supply chain. The analysis of a product′s life cycle highlights potential sources of waste throughout the food supply chain (FSC).

This paper proposes an original conceptual framework for the integrated design of a food packaging and distribution network. The framework′s generality supports application to different food manufacturing and distribution supply chains. The paper considers fresh fruit and vegetable flow throughout a food catering chain, from vendors to final customers. The paper compares a multi-use system to traditional single-use packaging (e.g. wooden boxes, disposable plastic crates and cardboard boxes) to quantify the economic returns and environmental impacts of the reusable plastic container (RPC). Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used to evaluate the carbon footprint (CF) associated with the life cycle of packages in this distribution network. Sensitivity analysis explores how drivers and parameters (i.e. RPC lifespan, washing rate, waste disposal treatment, network geography) alter the environmental and economic impacts. The paper concludes with implications of the results and suggestions for further investigation.

CPR immagineKeywords

  • Packaging;
  • Food supply chain (FSC);
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA);
  • Sensitivity analysis;
  • Sustainability
2014, Special issue on Food Supply Chain

2014, Special issue on Food Supply Chain

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Volume 152, June 2014, Sustainable Food Supply Chain Management

LI, D.,WANG, X., CHAN, H.K., MANZINI R., 2014, Sustainable food supply chain management. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS. Vol.152, 1-8

Sustainable production and distribution is a pertinent and timely issue in production economics. This is particularly critical for the food industry, which is still the largest manufacturing sector in many developed and developing countries. Although food production and distribution systems have become more efficient in many aspects, the industry consumes large amounts of natural resources and faces ever increasing demands. Sustainable food supply has been con- stantly a global challenge in the industry. It is estimated that 175 million people in India and 130 million in China are being “fed with grain by over-pumping” of water. 24% of families now have foodless days in India (Brown, 2012). In the mean time, food waste has been a significant challenge to sustainable food supply. It is estimated that “approximately one third of the global food production is wasted or lost annually” (Gustavsson et al. 2011) […]

Operational planning models for distribution networks, 2014

Operational planning models for distribution networks, 2014

IJPR cover

MANZINI R., ACCORSI R., BORTOLINI M., 2014, Operational planning models for distribution networks, International Journal of Production Research, Vol.52(1), 89-116. ISSN: 0020-7543, DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2013.828168

Abstract

The design and optimisation of a logistic network deals with a wide set of decisions, e.g. the determination of the best location and capacity of the different logistic facilities (production plants, distribution centres, transit points, wholesalers, etc.), the allocation of the product demand coming from customers in presence (or absence) of fractionable flows of material, the determination of the best transportation mode (truck, rail, etc.) as well as loading and routing of vehicles. These decisions involve multiple stages of a distribution network: customers-regional distribution centres (RDC), RDCs-central distribution centres (CDC) and CDCs-production plants and sources, in presence of multiple products and the variable time (i.e. time-dependent product demand and flows of material). This paper presents a top-down methodology that joins the strategic planning, the tactical planning and the operational planning of distribution networks with a special focus on the development of effective heuristic methods to face the vehicle routing problem. Original models and heuristic algorithms for the operational planning are illustrated. The impact of the strategic and tactical decisions on the performance of the operational planning is evaluated by the application of the proposed hierarchical approach to two realistic case studies. Obtained results are illustrated in a what-if experimental analysis conducted on multiple problem settings and realistic scenarios.
Sustainability and quality in the food supply chain. A case study of shipment of edible oils, 2014

Sustainability and quality in the food supply chain. A case study of shipment of edible oils, 2014

BFJ cover

Manzini, R., Accorsi, R., Ayyad, Z., Bendini, A., Bortolini, M., Gamberi, M., Valli, E., Gallina Toschi, T. (2014), Sustainability and quality in the food supply chain. A case study of shipment of edible oils. BRITISH FOOD JOURNAL. Vol.16(12), pp. 2069-2090. ISSN: 0007-070X.

– Modern supply chains collect and deliver products worldwide and link vendors and consumers over thousands of miles. In the food industry, the quality of products is affected by manufacturing/processing and logistics activities, such as transportation and packaging. Specifically, transportation is likely the most critical step throughout the “food journey” from farm to fork because of the potential stresses that affect the products during shipment and storage activities. The purpose of this paper is to present and apply an original assessment of quality, safety and environmental effects due to the international distribution of food products via different container solutions. A case study that examines the shipment of edible oils from Italy to Canada demonstrates that the quality of a product at the place of consumption can be significantly affected by the use of different containers.

Design/methodology/approach

Findings

The proposed approach and the illustrated case study demonstrate the importance of conducting safety and quality assessment combined with environmental analyses of sustainable food supply chains.

Originality/value:

Keywords:

Supply chain, Food, Freight container, International shipment, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Edible oil Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Acknowledgments:

The authors would like to heartily thank the company Giorgio Gori S.r.l. significantly and fruitfully involved in this study. Especially in the name of Nino Caponi, Riccardo Pazzaglia and Alexander Braun, for their valuable inputs, their support and their willingness to cooperate in this research project about Giorgio Gori (www2.ggori.com/).